Linnaeus was not really an entomologist, he worked on a wide range of Natural History. He is viewed as the founder of the system of biological nomenclature – the international system for naming animals and plants. Linnaeus was the first person to describe any mantids under this system; this means that it could be argued that in 1758 he was the only mantis expert in the world!
Karl Hermann Konrad Burmeister (1807-1892), usually known as Hermann Burmeister, was a German zoologist and entomologist. He published over 75 entomological papers but only three deal with mantids; although his mantis work was limited, it is important in historical terms.
James Wood-Mason (December 1846 - 6th May 1893) was a British zoologist who worked in the Indian Museum at Calcutta from 1877 to 1893. He started as an assistant to Professor John Anderson and later succeeded him as Director of the Museum. He made many collections of marine animals and Lepidoptera. He is best known in the entomological world for his work on mantids and phasmids.
William Forsell Kirby (1844-1912) was an English entomologist and folklorist. His Synonymic Catalogue of Orthoptera was a complete catalogue of world species. He also described a number of new species, based largely on material in the Natural History Museum, London (BMNH).
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